SCALIGER, JOSEPH JUSTUS°


SCALIGER, JOSEPH JUSTUS°
SCALIGER, JOSEPH JUSTUS° (1540–1609), French scholar and philologist. Scaliger was the tenth child of Julius Caesar Scaliger (Giulio Cesare Della Scala, 1484–1558), who was an outstanding humanist, well known for his controversies with Erasmus and Rabelais. He became a Protestant in 1562, and ten years later fled the Massacre of St. Bartholomew, but returned   to France in 1574. From 1593 until his death he was a professor at the University of Leiden, where the prevailing liberal Calvinism was in harmony with his own views. Holding an unusually tolerant and enlightened attitude toward the Jews, he considered them the best teachers of Hebrew, particularly for students of rabbinic literature. Basing himself on the findings of elijah levita , he maintained that the Hebrew vowel points were of masoretic origin and that the Zohar was post-talmudic, a stand that was later challenged by johannes buxtorf (II). Scaliger's library contained a manuscript translation of the Zohar by egidio da viterbo . -BIBLIOGRAPHY: L. Moréri, Grand Dictionnaire Historique, 9 (Paris, 1759), 224–5; J. Bernays, Joseph Justus Scaliger (Ger., 1855); L. Sainéan, La Langue de Rabelais, 2 (1923), 497ff.; F. Secret, Le Zôhar chez les kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance (19642), 34ff., 100; idem, Les Kabbalistes chrétiens de la Renaissance (1964), 212, 334–5. (Godfrey Edmond Silverman)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

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  • SCALIGER, Joseph Justus — (1540 1609) A French philologist and historian, Joseph Justus Scaliger reformed historical and classical studies during the Renaissance through his careful correction of various ancient chronologies and by a rigorous approach to textual criticism …   Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary

  • Scaliger, Joseph Justus — ▪ Dutch philologist and historian born Aug. 5, 1540, Agen, Fr. died Jan. 21, 1609, Leiden, Holland [now in Neth.]  Dutch philologist and historian whose works on chronology were among the greatest contributions of Renaissance scholars to… …   Universalium

  • SCALIGER, JOSEPH JUSTUS —    eminent scholar, son of the following, born at Agen; educated by his father; followed in his father s footsteps, and far surpassed him in scholarship; travelled over Europe, and became a zealous Protestant; accepted the chair of belles lettres …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Scaliger, Julius Caesar, and Scaliger, Joseph Justus — born April 23, 1484, Riva, Republic of Venice died Oct. 21, 1558, Agen, France born Aug. 5, 1540, Agen, France died Jan. 21, 1609, Leiden, Holland Classical scholars. Julius worked in botany, zoology, and grammar but was chiefly interested in… …   Universalium

  • Joseph Justus Scaliger — (* 5. August 1540 in Agen, Lot et Garonne; † 21. Januar 1609 in Leiden) war das zehnte Kind und der dritte Sohn von Julius Caesar Scaliger und Andiette de Roques Lobejac und einer der größten Gelehrten der zweiten Hälfte des 16. Jahrhunderts.… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph Justus Scaliger — (August 5, 1540, Agen – January 21, 1609, Leiden) was a French religious leader and scholar, known for expanding the notion of classical history from Greek and Ancient Roman history to include Persian, Babylonian …   Wikipedia

  • Joseph Justus Scaliger — Joseph Justus Scaliger. Joseph Justus Scaliger (5 de agosto de 1540 21 de enero de 1609) fue un erudito francés, conocido por la ampliación de la noción clásica de la historia griega y la historia antigua de Roma con la inclusión de la historia… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Joseph Scaliger — Joseph Justus Scaliger (* 5. August 1540 in Agen, Lot et Garonne; † 21. Januar 1609 in Leiden) war das zehnte Kind und der dritte Sohn von Julius Caesar Scaliger und Andiette de Roques Lobejac und einer der größten Gelehrten der zweiten Hälfte… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Joseph — /joh zeuhf, seuhf/, n. 1. Jacob s eleventh son, the first of Jacob and his second wife, Rachel: sold into slavery by his brothers. Gen. 30:22 24; 37. 2. the husband of Mary who was the mother of Jesus. Matt. 1:16 25. 3. (Hinmaton yalaktit), c1840 …   Universalium

  • Justus Lipsius — (eigentlich Joest Lips; * 18. Oktober 1547 in Overijse (Flämisch Brabant); † 23. März 1606 in Löwen) war ein niederländischer Rechtsphilosoph und Philologe …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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